Recent Italian court judgments – including the case of Alessandro Sallusti, the editor of the Italian daily Il Giornale – have highlighted the importance of the issue of online libel and defamation. On the sidelines of the judgment of the Court of Cassation on the Sallusti case, there was a stir in the political world that, in the latter stages of the last legislature, tried to pass a legislative text for the elimination of the still applicable prison sentence. During this workshop, recent changes in the law on this subject will be discussed, through the analysis of the proposed normative changes and other particular cases that with the advent of the internet appear to have found fertile ground to proliferate.