What do we know about disinformation and what can be done about it? Are proposed cures sometimes worse than the actual diseases at hand? Or are we critically underestimating the scale of the problem and missing opportunities to effectively address it? On this panel, we take stock of the basic features of the disinformation debate and discuss what fact-checkers, researchers, civil society organizations and other independent parties can do to address the problems at hand, including a range of different perspectives from journalists, academics, and individuals involved in recent policy discussions in Europe.