The war censorship and unprecedented crackdown on press freedom in 2022 saw a mass exodus of Russian journalists and media organisations abroad. As a result, Russian independent journalism - painstakingly built over past decades - has been at risk of being wiped out. Nonetheless, many media have found ways to adapt and overcome the numerous challenges, which includes developing new business models, finding new ways to report stories and developing tech solutions to maintain ties to their audience despite the censorship.

This panel will explore how Russian media are building viable newsrooms abroad, cases of success and failure, and what it takes for media to survive in exile - when relations with audiences and ability to report from the ground are gravely strained.