Rachael Craufurd Smith is a Reader in Media and European Union Law at the University of Edinburgh. She studied for her thesis at the European Union Institute, Florence., researching freedom of speech and broadcasting in Italy, France and the United Kingdom. She is a qualified solicitor (non-practising) and worked for a number of years at the BBC in London in their International and Central Policy and Planning Departments, focusing on the impact of EU law for the Corporation. She was a Fellow at Trinity and Corpus Christi Colleges and University Lecturer at the University of Oxford, before joining the Law School at Edinburgh. Her work has focused on media ownership and transparency, state aid and the media and, more recently the regulation of fake news. She participated in the EU funded Mediadem project, which explored freedom and independence in fourteen European countries and, most recently, provided data and analysis on the United Kingdom and the media for the Media Pluralism Monitor. She is a co-founding editor of the Journal of Media Law.